Category: Racial Justice


Have you ever lived in military barracks?  The worst military barracks of our era (constructed shortly after World War II and used at least through the Vietnam War) were far better than the barracks at Manzanar. For one thing, the military barracks were solidly… Continue Reading “LIVING IN BARRACKS”

It was a prison camp…

Manzanar and the nine other WRA Camps were called all manner of things.  FDR first referred to them as “Concentration camps,” when his administration was considering the detainment of over 110,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry. As they rolled out the detainment, the administration shifted… Continue Reading “It was a prison camp…”

Places of Beauty – Arai Pond

It isn’t full of water yet, but it is an historic place of beauty. This weekend, water in the pond will bless all those who visit as part of the Annual Pilgrimage to Manzanar. One of the good things that happened at Manzanar was… Continue Reading “Places of Beauty – Arai Pond”

The First Sign

Driving through the Owens Valley, past Bishop and another hour down to Manzanar, I can’t help wondering what was going through the minds of the coastal urban dwellers who were brought out into the middle of this vast, stark area. The War Relocation Authority,… Continue Reading “The First Sign”

Who Went to Manzanar?

Rather, Who Was Sent to Manzanar?  It was not a voluntary act.  There were wholesale violations of civil liberties in moving thousands of Americans of Japanese ancestry to the WRA Camps. Some people did theoretically “Volunteer” to go to the camps in the early… Continue Reading “Who Went to Manzanar?”

The First Step…Manzanar

© Art Mills Photos Getting ready for my trip to Manzanar…  I’m filled with anticipation as I get ready to take the next step on my journey.  This will be my third trip to Manzanar, but my first on this Journey of Conscience.  The… Continue Reading “The First Step…Manzanar”


President Franklyn D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942, setting in motion the process that would strip the Constitutional Rights from 120,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry and move them to prison camps. Signing the executive order was preceded by an intense… Continue Reading “SUPPORTERS & OPPONENTS”


I’m always mindful of the uncertainty created by the U.S. government decision to imprison 110,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry. The image below captures just some of the initial uncertainty as Americans waited for buses that would transport them to some unknown place.   “We… Continue Reading “INTO the UNCERTAINTY…”

Why Am I Going to the WWII Internment Camps?

This is the excerpt for your very first post.

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